Treatment of diarrhea in adults. Preparations, folk remedies
Each of us at least once in my life hadto face such a rather unpleasant phenomenon as a loose stool or, as it is also called, diarrhea. Therefore, it is not surprising that most people are interested in how the treatment of diarrhea in adults. On what in detail and we shall stop in this article.
What is diarrhea?
Under diarrhea or diarrhea is meantsymptomatology, which characterizes one of the varieties of indigestion. The very designation of diarrhea in scientific terminology denotes the state of the human body, in which the process of devastation of the intestine is accompanied by a liquid stool that manifests itself several times a day (from 3 and above). In addition, the clinic distinguishes between acute (less than 14 days) and chronic forms (more than 15 days).
As practice shows, treatment of diarrhea in adults should begin with the establishment of a cause, which allows to eliminate its manifestations as soon as possible.
To one of the most common causesThe appearance of diarrhea is attributed to various viruses and bacteria. In addition, the onset of such a phenomenon can be provoked by: nonspecific colitis, chronic pancreatitis, frequent use of a variety of laxatives, Crohn's disease, a consequence of previous operative treatment in the intestine. Also, do not exclude various allergic reactions, lack of zinc, uremia, a disorder of the autonomic nervous system.
Important! Severe diarrhea can not always occur due to a disruption in the digestive system, or it may be a symptom of another disease, which in no way refers to it.
How does the normal digestive process?
Normally, food falling into the digestive system,digested under the influence of special enzymes that split it into useful components: amino acids, fats ... In addition, it is no secret that in various areas of the intestine a variety of processes of digestion of food in the body, followed by their splitting and absorption. That is why any violation of the habitual stand and leads to a disorder of the digestive system, which often manifests itself in the form of diarrhea. As an example, you can lead to osmotic diarrhea, which develops after a certain amount of substances are accumulated in the large intestine, which do not enter the bloodstream, thereby causing accumulation in the stool of a large amount of moisture. Accordingly, this leads to the onset of diarrhea.
As a rule, the treatment of diarrhea in adults beginswith the conduct of diagnostic activities that begin with an anamnesis, with which the doctor should find out when and after which there was a breakdown, whether there are other symptoms (high fever, pain, rash). After an approximate picture of the disease is established, laboratory tests are appointed, during which it may be necessary to donate blood, stool for bacteriological analysis, and sowing on nutrient media. In addition, to clarify certain nuances, it may be necessary to perform a sigmoidoscopy - examination of the sigmoid colon using a special fiber-optic medical instrument. The purpose of these analyzes is to determine the source of the disease and, if possible, prescribe diarrhea treatment in adults at home.
The main manifestations of diarrhea include:
- Pain and bloating of the stomach.
- Liquid feces, which has a light color.
- Darkening of urine.
- Poor appetite.
- Strong thirst.
- Emetic urges.
- Rapid fatigue and dry skin.
This state, as a rule, lasts about 7-14days. But a special caution should be caused by: a sharp rise in temperature, strong abdominal resuscitation and the presence of blood and mucus in the stool, since such symptoms indicate the possibility of a serious illness.
But, as practice shows, the onset of diarrhea is always characterized by instantaneous frustration and a very frequent stool in the first days.
As a rule, the reason for its occurrence arevarious microorganisms that by their activity disrupt the work of the digestive tract. These microorganisms can cause harm, as creating dangerous environments that paralyze the entire working process of the intestine, and penetrating into its mucous membranes.
It should be borne in mind that diarrhea, the cause of whichare such microorganisms, can last a sufficiently long period of time and in the absence of adequate treatment can even become a serious threat to human health.
To date, there are several types of diarrhea of infectious origin:
- Watery diarrhea. This type is characteristic mainly for microorganisms that secrete a toxin.
- With blood secretions. Most often this type is manifested in dysentery, salmonellosis. The cause of its occurrence are bacteria that penetrate the mucous membrane and subsequently cause serious harm to it.
One of the main symptoms of the infectious nature of diarrhea is its acute form of percolation.
Viral diarrhea is characterized by a concomitantfever and dyspeptic disorders. Its diagnosis is the conduct of electron microscopy or the use of special immunological assays. The course of the active phase of the disease does not exceed 3-6 days on average. As a rule, the prognosis of treatment is rather favorable.
As a rule, when this disease occursyou need to take medications for diarrhea, but it is worthwhile to understand that, like with any other illnesses, self-medication is fraught with the aggravation of the problem. That is why it is necessary to take only what the doctor has appointed. In addition, of the additional funds often used drugs that are based on vegetable oil and have an astringent effect. As an example, you can bring herbal fees.
Also in this state are most often appointedpreparations for diarrhea, containing an active substance - loperamide. Particular attention should be paid to the fact that this substance has a retarding effect on intestinal peristalsis, which subsequently leads to a delay in the movement of feces masses. But here it should be borne in mind that diarrhea is itself a natural protective reaction of the body, in which there is a disposal of a huge number of dangerous substances that have accumulated in the intestine. Therefore, with a strong slowdown of this process, there is a high probability of harming yourself.
Important! In the infectious nature of the disease, an antibiotic can be prescribed by a doctor. With diarrhea, specific medications are recommended, which showed the greatest sensitivity to bacteria detected after bacterosuppression on nutrient media.
In addition to the traditional treatment of diarrhea, its treatment is also effective, with the help of folk remedies. Therefore, let's consider the most popular ones.
We buy the bark of oak. Pour into a glass of 1 tbsp. spoon and pour it with boiling water. After that, we insist on it for one hour and take 1-2 teaspoons for one day. Remember that the time should be distributed in such a way that the interval between receptions does not exceed several hours (3-4). As practice shows, the effect of it is almost instantaneous. But if the symptoms of diarrhea do not stop within the next 2 days, it is advisable to think about other methods of treatment.
Important! Treatment of diarrhea in adults at home must necessarily be accompanied by the reception of activated charcoal, which is taken with a whole plate and washed down with boiled water.
In addition, when choosing an effective nationalfunds for diarrhea should pay special attention to the dry crust of pomegranate. Make them quite easy and at home. To do this, you need to rinse the pomegranate, peel it and remove the white flesh, since it does not contain any useful substances. After that, all that remains is to dry the peel and take the broths of them during the day until all the symptoms disappear completely.
To never think about the most effective treatment for diarrhea in adults, it is recommended that you follow the following rules:
- Limit or exclude the use of laxatives.
- Arrange your diet.
- Do not overeat.
- Drink only boiled or filtered water.
- Eliminate stressful situations.
- Do not abuse antibiotics.
- Include in your diet as much as possible fruits and vegetables.
- If you have any doubts about the quality of the product, immediately get rid of it.
- Properly store your products.
Remember, that treatment was effective and short-term, it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor at the first symptoms of diarrhea.