Subclinical hypothyroidism

In today's world, problems have come firstpollution and inadequate human use of the environment. In a constant cycle of days, a modern person simply does not have time to think about himself, and we simply do not pay attention to such "superficial" symptoms as depression, fatigue and anxiety, at first glance. Unfortunately, this can lead to serious consequences, one of which is subclinical hypothyroidism.

This disease is one of the maindisorders in the thyroid gland. Unlike other diseases, subclinical hypothyroidism may not show pronounced symptoms. To detect and put such a diagnosis appears a real possibility only after laboratory studies. Only the procedure for a detailed laboratory blood test will show concrete results: in subclinical hypothyroidism, a high index of elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level is found, and a low level of other control hormones is necessarily diagnosed. In addition, the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone shows any minimal disruption in the thyroid gland and can be either elevated or lowered.

Dysfunction in the thyroid gland more oftenare found in women, rather than in men and, as a rule, develop during the hormonal splash (pregnancy, childbirth, menopause). Subclinical hypothyroidism in children is rare. Based on these physiological characteristics, we observe the following statistics for the whole country: 80% with a similar diagnosis - women and 20% - men. The thyroid gland, like no other body, reacts to the influence and change of both environmental factors in general, and climatic in particular. Patients with disabilities in the work of this body are recommended by specialists of forest (coniferous) air and sea climate, regular walks in clean air, in a locality located far from factories and enterprises.

In the summer heat to people with this diseaserecommended stay in the shade. Also for the normal operation of the thyroid gland, the constant use of food products enriched with natural iodine is necessary. The content of iodine in agricultural products depends on the soil. For example, broccoli grown in the Moscow region contains 12 μg of iodine per 100 g of product, and in some areas of the Leningrad Region - 15 μg / 100 grams.

Despite the fact that subclinical hypothyroidism is nothas obvious symptoms, prolonged monitoring of patients with this form of hypothyroidism has shown that the signs of the disease still manifest, but not earlier than after the expiration of five years of the disease. They are most typical for women of retirement age.

Subclinical hypothyroidism appears for the samereasons, which is simple. Such diseases occur when the thyroid gland is destroyed, toxins enter the body, and this can be medicines; when there is a violation of the hormonal background. Also, a variety of this disease, such as postoperative hypothyroidism, is widespread.

Subclinical hypothyroidism, signs

The diagnosis in itself presupposes a complete absence of signs of the disease, but nevertheless it is possible to detect some deviations related to the metabolism.

When the metabolic process is disturbed, the wholethe body as a whole, and individual systems. So, people suffering from subclinical hypothyroidism often have a bad mood, suffer from depression of varying severity, are in a constant state of heightened anxiety. Symptoms can be mitigated or eliminated with the help of properly selected replacement therapy, that is, the reception of a synthetic thyroid hormone, which is not enough in the body. While such symptoms are known, they can not clearly indicate exactly this type of disease, since all diseases associated with thyroid disorders can have such manifestations, and the patients themselves more often complain of irritability, fatigue and drowsiness.

No matter how innocent the disease looks, you shouldn'tunderestimate the possible consequences. Today it is proved that with the time of the initiated replacement therapy the metabolism can be almost completely restored. If you do not start treatment, the disease can lead to serious consequences for the whole body: obesity and atherosclerosis. Which, in turn, are the cause of various heart diseases, ranging from ischemia and ending with a heart attack.

Subclinical hypothyroidism, like normal,can lead to irreversible changes in the cardiovascular system, because thyroid hormones form blood pressure, myocardial contraction rate, blood flow velocity and resistance of peripheral vessels. In patients with any type of hypothyroidism, the heart muscle is deformed, the walls of the left ventricle are compacted (hypertrophied) - this indicates that the work of the entire system, and of the heart in particular, is too active.

Such a disease is especially dangerous during pregnancy, because if it is not detected on time and hormone therapy is not prescribed, various pathologies and anomalies in the development of the fetus may occur.

how are being treated subclinical hypothyroidism?

The treatment of such hypothyroidism may be moreTo tell a specialized endocrinologist, because today experts are not all sure that replacement therapy is a good treatment. Synthetic hormone in the wrong dosage can aggravate the patient's condition, but it can also improve. Therefore, there are no general recommendations - necessary or not necessary. The only exception when replacement therapy is required is pregnancy with subclinical hypothyroidism.